Parts of Peru are located in vast deserts, limiting water accessibility. While there has been an emphasis on improving infrastructure to increase water access and restore watersheds, much of Peru still remains under-served, with over 1.5 million people estimated to have no running water in their homes.
Water delivered in Peru tends to be unsanitary and non-potable. However, wealthier citizens are more easily able to treat water in their homes, while poorer citizens often lack the resources to properly treat their water. With increasing global temperatures due to climate change, the situation is expected to worsen.